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How to Replace timing chain on BMW 318i E90 2005-2007

Special tools

  • Exhaust camshaft alignment tool – BMW No.11 9 291/3.
  • Inlet camshaft alignment tool – BMW No.11 9 292.
  • Inlet camshaft turning tool – BMW No.11 9 270.
  • Flywheel/drive plate timing pin – BMW No.11 5 120.
  • Sensor gear alignment tool – BMW No.11 9 350.
  • Timing chain pre-tensioning tool – BMW No.11 9 340.

General precautions

  • Disconnect battery earth lead.
  • Remove spark plugs to ease turning engine.
  • Turn engine in normal direction of rotation (unless otherwise stated).
  • Observe tightening torques.
  • If fitted: Mark position of crankshaft position (CKP) sensor before removal.
  • Do NOT turn crankshaft via camshaft or other sprockets.
  • Do NOT turn crankshaft or camshaft with timing chain removed.
How to Replace timing chain on BMW 318i E90 2005-2007
How to Replace timing chain on BMW 318i E90 2005-2007

Valve timing procedures

  • Removal/installation of timing chain requires:
      • Sump removal.

NOTE: Refer to Autodata Technical Data for tightening torques.

NOTE: Refer to Technical Data module for tightening torques.

  • Engine at TDC on No.1 cylinder.
  • Remove blanking plug from cylinder block.
  • Insert flywheel/drive plate timing pin [1] .

NOTE: Engine should not turn if flywheel/drive plate timing pin fitted correctly.

  • Ensure rear of camshafts correctly aligned [2] .

NOTE: Curved profile at rear of camshaft points upwards [3] .

  • Ensure camshaft adjusters set in the installation position as follows:
      • Install inlet camshaft turning tool at rear of camshaft.
      • Attempt to turn inlet camshaft slowly in opposite direction of rotation.
      • If camshaft turns, continue turning until locked in position.
      • Attempt to turn exhaust camshaft slowly in direction of rotation.
      • If camshaft turns, continue turning until locked in position.

NOTE: In the installation position camshafts cannot turn freely.

  • Install inlet camshaft alignment tool [4] .
  • Install exhaust camshaft alignment tool [5] .
  • Timing correct when inlet camshaft alignment tool abuts cylinder head or is raised up to a maximum of 0,5 mm on inlet side. Timing correct when exhaust camshaft alignment tool abuts cylinder head or is raised up to a maximum of 1 mm on inlet side.
  • If not, adjust camshafts as follows:
      • Slacken bolt on each camshaft adjuster and then re-tighten by hand [6] .
      • Install inlet camshaft alignment tool [4] .
      • Align inlet camshaft. Ensure inlet camshaft alignment tool abuts cylinder head.
      • Install exhaust camshaft alignment tool [5] .
      • Tighten exhaust camshaft alignment tool to cylinder head.
      • Tighten bolt on exhaust camshaft alignment tool until it rests on inlet camshaft alignment tool [7] .
      • Tighten inlet camshaft alignment tool to cylinder head [4] .NOTE: Tensioner plunger is spring loaded.
      • Remove tensioner [8] .NOTE: If chain tensioner is to be reused it must be drained of oil. Compress plunger slowly twice.
      • Install timing chain pre-tensioning tool [9] .
      • Screw in adjusting screw until in contact with tensioner rail.
      • Replace bolt on each camshaft adjuster and re-tighten by hand [6] .
      • Install sensor gear alignment tool and secure to cylinder head [10] .
      • Slacken bolt of each camshaft adjuster by half a turn [6] .
      • Pre-load timing chain with tensioning tool to 0,6 Nm [9] .NOTE: Bolt for camshaft adjusters MUST only be used once.
      • Tighten bolt of each camshaft adjuster [6] .
      • A – N46. Tightening sequence:
      • First stage – 20 Nm.
      • Second stage – 90°.
      • Third stage – 90°.
      • B – N46T. Tightening sequence:
      • First stage – 20 Nm.
      • Second stage – 180°.
      • Remove flywheel/drive plate timing pin [1] .
      • Remove sensor gear alignment tool [10] .
      • Remove camshaft alignment tools [4] & [5] .
      • Remove timing chain pre-tensioning tool [9] .
      • Install tensioner assembly [8] . Tightening torque: 65 Nm.
      • Turn crankshaft two turns clockwise.
      • Ensure flywheel/drive plate timing pin and camshaft alignment tools can be refitted [1] , [4] , [5] & [10] .
      • Timing correct when camshaft alignment tools abut cylinder head [4] & [5] .

NOTE: Crankshaft pulley central bolt MUST only be used once.

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